Ajon Uganda’s millet beer


Are you interested in knowing about Ajon, the traditional, homemade beverage, that is consumed during social gatherings, ceremonies, or as a part of traditional cultural practices?  Here is all about Ajon Uganda’s millet beer.

What is  Ajon

“Ajon” is a traditional fermented beverage in Uganda, Millet Beer commonly known as Ajon in Ateso, and Malwa in Luganda or Lugwere, is a local drink brewed from dry millet enjoyed in northern and eastern Uganda mostly especially by the Iteso. It is also enjoyed after work and after harvest which boosts the morale of working together among the Iteso.

Traditionally the Iteso drop some little Ajon in the mouth of the newly born to celebrate the child’s birth.  Ajon is taken during ceremonies like child naming by the clan, marriage ceremonies, and all functions. It is also enjoyed after work and after harvest which boosts the morale of working together among the Iteso.

How is Ajon Ugandas Millet Beer Made?

To make Ajon, a traditional fermented beverage in Uganda, the following steps are typically followed


Millet or sorghum grains are soaked in water for several hours until they begin to sprout. The sprouting process activates enzymes in the grains that convert starches into fermentable sugars. After sprouting, the grains are dried and crushed into coarse flour.

Drying and Grinding:

Once the grains have germinated, they are spread out to dry. This can be done by laying them in the sun or using a low-temperature oven. The dried grains are then ground into coarse flour using a mortar and pestle or a grinding stone or mill.

Fermentation vessel preparation:

A large container or fermentation vessel, often made of clay or similar material, is thoroughly cleaned and sanitized to ensure a suitable environment for fermentation.


The crushed grains are mixed with warm water in the fermentation vessel. The ratio of grains to water may vary based on personal preference and traditional recipes


The mixture is left to ferment for a period of time, typically ranging from a few days to a couple of weeks. During fermentation, natural yeasts and bacteria present in the environment or on the grains initiate the fermentation process. These microorganisms convert the sugars in the grains into alcohol, resulting in the formation of Ajon.


After the fermentation period, the liquid is separated from the solid particles using a straining cloth or sieve. This step helps remove any sediment or grain particles, resulting in a clearer liquid.


The strained liquid, now Ajon, is usually transferred into clean containers for storage and serving. Traditional vessels such as gourds or clay pots may be used, or modern containers such as bottles or jars can be utilized.

Maturation of Uganda’s Millet Beer:

Ajon is often left to mature or age for a few more days to develop its characteristic flavour. This maturation period allows for further fermentation and flavour development.

Serving Ajon:

Once the Ajon is ready, it is typically served at room temperature and consumed communally during social gatherings, ceremonies, or as part of traditional cultural practices.

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